‘Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus’ bacteria, also known as staph infection, are a highly transmittable strain of staph infection. The root of it’s name can be traced from the fact that it shows strong repulsiveness towards anti-biotic treatments, and hence it got the name ‘Methicillin Resistant.’ Whereas, ‘Staph Aureus’ got added to the name of the infection owing to the fact that Staphylococcus aureus, or simply, staph bacteria resides on the skin or inside the nose of the infected person.
Normally, staph bacteria can be the cause of many types of infections, with some resulting in mild pimples caused by acne. While some types of infection are very serious, found in the bloodstream, surgical wounds and those wounds which are found in pneumonia patients. In general staph bacteria are treated with dose of penicillin, but MRSA bacteria are not affected by strong anti-biotics, normally referred to as ‘beta-lactams’.
Beta-lactams like penicillin, methicillin, oxacillin and amoxicillin, are very found to be very effective when it comes to treating staph infections. But the fact that MRSA is highly contagious and is quite immune to even the best anti-biotics, makes us realize that why MRSA is considered a deadly infection.
Medical experts have discovered five types of this lethal infection, and they are mainly divided on the basis of their spreading locations. ‘Hospital-Acquired’ or HA-MRSA is found in hospitals and clinics, and is spread either by medical staff which carries it or through objects like bandages, blankets and other medical equipment. Among the five types of MRSA infection, HA-MRSA has been recognized as the most resistant infection to antibiotics.
CA-MRSA or ‘Community-Acquired’ MRSA is another type of this deadly infection and as the name points out, it is contracted in the community. Although, CA-MRSA is less immune to anti-biotic treatments, yet it has the danger of spreading very rapidly due to lack of awareness and lack of hygiene among the masses.
In the medical world, both CA-MRSA and HA-MRSA are tagged as “Silent Terror Bombs”, due to the silent but lethal assault they make on the immune system inside a human’s body. As these bacteria reach inside the body, they eliminate a vital amino acid compound called peptides, thus weakening our healthy body cells. After these cells are weakened, the patient becomes more susceptible to any virus attack, as in the case of HIV virus weakening our immune system to contract AIDS.
Although, MRSA is not as dangerous as HIV, but the fact that it is highly transmittable, makes it a bigger threat. Unlike HIV, which is only spread through body fluids, MRSA can enter another person’s body through direct contact to skin and infected objects.
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